map, foreach, filter, find, reduce

binest03459·2022년 4월 24일
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Javascript

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Array.prototype.map()

The map() method creates a new array populated with the results of calling a provided function on every element in the calling array.

const array1 = [1, 4, 9, 16];

// pass a function to map
const map1 = array1.map(x => x * 2);

console.log(map1);
// expected output: Array [2, 8, 18, 32]

Array.prototype.forEach()

The forEach() method executes a provided function once for each array element.

const array1 = ['a', 'b', 'c'];

array1.forEach(element => console.log(element));

// expected output: "a"
// expected output: "b"
// expected output: "c"

Array.prototype.filter()

The filter() method creates a new array with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function.

const words = ['spray', 'limit', 'elite', 'exuberant', 'destruction', 'present'];

const result = words.filter(word => word.length > 6);

console.log(result);
// expected output: Array ["exuberant", "destruction", "present"]

Array.prototype.find()

The find() method returns the first element in the provided array that satisfies the provided testing function. If no values satisfy the testing function, undefined is returned.

const array1 = [5, 12, 8, 130, 44];

const found = array1.find(element => element > 10);

console.log(found);
// expected output: 12

Array.prototype.reduce()

The reduce() method executes a user-supplied "reducer" callback function on each element of the array, in order, passing in the return value from the calculation on the preceding element. The final result of running the reducer across all elements of the array is a single value.

The first time that the callback is run there is no "return value of the previous calculation". If supplied, an initial value may be used in its place. Otherwise the array element at index 0 is used as the initial value and iteration starts from the next element (index 1 instead of index 0).

const array1 = [1, 2, 3, 4];

// 0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4
const initialValue = 0;
const sumWithInitial = array1.reduce(
  (previousValue, currentValue) => previousValue + currentValue,
  initialValue
);

console.log(sumWithInitial);
// expected output: 10
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